Studies on important/topical national issues are undertaken by the Academy through specially constituted Study Groups/Task Forces. The objective is to bring out a comprehensive/exhaustive document covering review of existing international and national technological and commercial aspects, analysis of options, future trends and specific implementable policy/recommendations and methodology of execution.
Report on INAE Research Study on ”Development of scientific recycling of End of Life Automobiles in India and the role of Research and Development”
A Research Study on “Development of Scientific Recycling of ‘End of Life’ Automobiles with special focus on rubber, plastics and residues in India- The role of Research and Development” was undertaken by INAE under the auspices of Principal Scientific Advisor (PSA) to Govt. of India with Captain NS. Mohan Ram, VSM, Indian Navy (Retd), FNAE & Consultant, TVS Motor Company Limited as the Principal Engineering Investigator and Dr. Basudam Adhikari, IIT Kharagpur & Mr. S.Sugumar, Central Institute of Plastics Engineering as the Members. The objective of the Research Study was to develop systems for recycling rubber and plastics and to carry out Research and Development on recovery of useful materials from auto shredded residue (ASR) and minimize the extent of residues going into refills. The Study was conducted in three phases. Phase 1 focussed on collection of data on Recycling of ELV’s- automobile production, population, ELV generation, extent of material recoveries, and ASR generation over the next twenty years. Phase 2 focussed on development of laboratory scale processes for material recovery from dismantling non-metallic elements like rubber, plastics, ceramics etc. and proposals for deploying the methods to industrial scale. Phase 3 was concerned.
Report on INAE Research Study on “Non-Ionizing Electromagnetic Radiation effects on Biological Systems and Protection Methods”
The INAE Governing Council during its meeting held on Dec 12, 2013 at Bhubaneswar had approved the research study proposal on “Study of Non-Ionizing Electromagnetic Radiation effects on Biological Systems and Protection Methods” for a duration of 8 months with Shri VP Sandlas, FNAE as the Principal Engineering Investigator (PEI). The objective of the research study is to comprehensively review and define current status, internationally accepted guidelines on generation and control of electromagnetic radiations, position of related regulations in India and recommend safety levels. A Project Monitoring Committee (PMC) to monitor the research study was constituted with Dr. BN Suresh, as Chairman; and Prof. RK Mallik and Dr. Surendra Pal as Members and Shri VP Sandlas as Member-Secretary. Electromagnetic Radiation emissions, related environmental pollutions and harmful effects on biological systems, particularly on human beings, have started engaging significant attention of the World Health Organization (WHO), medical professionals and general public during the last several years, particularly because of wide spread usage of mobile phones and related radio frequency radiation effects. Hazards of Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR) emissions and related harmful effects on.
Report on INAE Research Study on “Technologies for Healthcare Sector in India”
With global revenues of an estimated $2.8 trillion, the healthcare industry is the world’s largest industry. India’s high population makes it an important player in this industry. While healthcare sector could broadly be categorized into (i) Medical diagnostics and (ii) Therapeutics, it encompasses testing, treatment, care, procedures and any other service or intervention, nursing, rehabilitative, palliative, convalescent, preventative, and/or other health related purpose or combinations thereof, including reproductive health care and emergency medical treatment, in any system of medicine. Technology for healthcare includes machinery/ equipments/ devices or methods for diagnostics as well as for therapeutics that may be used in relation to provision of healthcare services.
The healthcare sector in India is witnessing a surge of activity and the beginning of what is seen as a rapid phase of growth. Emerging healthcare segments like diagnostic chains, medical device manufactures as well as hospital chains are increasingly attracting investments from a variety of venture capitalists. Engineering will play a major role towards a better and deeper understanding of the.
Report on INAE Research Study on “Assessment of Civil Engineering Inputs for Infrastructural Development”
The research study on “Assessment of Civil Engineering Inputs for Infrastructure Development” was undertaken by the research study group comprising of Prof SS Chakraborty as Coordinator and Prof Prem Krishna, Dr Nagesh R Iyer and Dr SK Thakkar as Members. This aim of the study is creating a position paper on Civil Engineering manpower available in the country at present and envisions the needs for the ensuing immediate future. It covers emerging trends in Civil Engineering technology, the expected growth of various forms of infrastructure and developments in other disciplines of engineering where Civil Engineering plays an important supporting role. Further, the issues of quality as well as the measures for bridging the gap were addressed. The aim of the study was to draw a realistic road map that quickens inclusive development of the society as well as the profession. The focus is on the availability of well-equipped manpower in a sustained manner, facilitated by projected inputs from the industry and a supportive framework of Government policies and programs. The study estimated the Civil Engineeringmanpower requirement for meeting the infrastructural development targets. The research study reported herein has the objective of identifying steps for setting things right.
Report on INAE Research Study on “Water Resources Management”
Water plays a critical role in meeting our needs in diverse fields – providing, inter alia, water for drinking, agricultural and industrial uses as well as maintaining the eco-system. India has a large irrigation network and has been in the forefront for establishing institutions and policies aimed at facilitating planned development of water resources including a National Water Policy. Despite the continuing concerns and efforts, the water sector in India appears to be in a bind. Withdrawal of water at four times the rate it was 65 years ago to support a population of 1210 million (in 2010) at an enhanced level of nutrition, public health parameters and living standards is to say the least, stressing the water capital. The ecosystem health has also been compromised severely. Realizing the seriousness and the importance of the water issues to our programs for national well- being, INAE decided to undertake a research study to examine a few critical aspects of water supply and demand in various sectors and come up with implementable recommendations to overcome the lacunae in the water resources sector. Mr. SS Chakraborty is the Coordinator of this study group on “Water Resources Management” with Prof. S Mohan, Dr. RR Sonde, Prof Subhash.
Report on INAE Research Study on “Impact of R&D on Chemical Industry”
A study group comprising of Dr KV Raghavan as Coordinator and Dr DP Misra, Dr MO Garg and Dr AN Maitra as Members was constituted to undertake the research study on “Impact of R&D on Indian Chemical Industry”. The basic objective of the study is to study the impact made by the R&D on Indian Chemical Industry as a whole and on all its important subsectors in terms of R&D intensity, intellectual property management, industry – university (I-U) linkages, fostering new enterprises, government funded R&D utilization and human resource management. The project team collected enormous data from the open literature as well as through opinion surveys and direct interaction with subject experts to develop the current profile of the Indian chemical industry. This exercise has shown that the turnover of Indian Chemical Industry has crossed USD 60 billion, achieved an export / import ratio of greater than unity and the pharma, biotech and petrochemical sectors have attracted significant FDI inflows as compared to other subsectors. The overall R&D intensity (R&DI) of Indian chemical industry is estimated to be 0.9% with knowledge intensive chemical sector registering 4.5%, specialty chemical sector recording a moderate growth at 1% level and the basic chemic.
Report on INAE Research Study on “Impact of R&D on Indian Mineral Industry Performance”
The INAE Research study on “Impact of R&D on Indian Mineral Industry Performance – Identifying New Priorities and Strategic Initiatives”, supported by the Office of the Principal Scientific Advisor to the Government of India, sought to assess the impact of R&D on the performance of Indian minerals sector and to evolve a concrete R&D strategy based on this appraisal. The study was undertaken by a 3-member team comprising Prof A.K. Ghose as Coordinator and Prof RN Gupta and Prof J. Bhattacharya as members. The study in effect centered on developing a R&D vision for Indian mineral industry which could help strengthen the scientific and technological base of the industry and encourage its competitiveness, based on excellence through innovation.
The minerals sector, despite a hoary and glorious past, contributes to only about 2.5% of the GDP and continues to be identified as a technological laggard. The study called therefore for an in-depth and critical analysis of the R&D initiatives using appropriate metrics for performance evaluation which has highlighted the lacuna in the current industry R&D portfolio, where consultan.
Report on INAE Research Study on “Successes and Gaps in our Metallurgical R&D Efforts”
INAE has undertaken a Research Study on “Successes and gaps in our metallurgical R&D Efforts” with the objective of the project was to review the latest technologies in the R&D sector for metallurgy and to highlight the successes and to analyze the gaps to be considered for future R&D efforts. Government of India has made substantive investments in PSUs and in the laboratories of CSIR, Defence, Atomic energy and Space to carry out related R & D activities, where the significant progress is demonstrated. There have been many national programmes initiated at a huge cost for R&D activities and that involved a number of laboratories. The study report brought out in depth analysis and assessment of the successes and yet remaining gaps.